# Jr. High - Mathematics

### GRADE 7 & 8 (Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Geometry)

**Pre-Algebra** is an introduction/foundation course for Algebra. Students explore integers, variables, and expressions. They learn to solve equations and inequalities and apply the rules of exponents. They discover the connection between fractions, rational numbers, ratios, percents, proportions, and probability. Students also receive an introduction to geometry, by studying right triangles and computing measurement, area, and volume.

**Algebra** builds on prior knowledge from pre-algebra. In addition, students are expected to master many skills which they will need in order to be successful in future math courses. Algebra students solve equations and inequalities while exploring linear functions. They understand the solutions of systems and rules of exponents. Most of the course is spent studying polynomials, including multiplying, dividing, adding, subtracting, factoring, graphing and solving.

**Geometry** is an advanced level course which requires students to be independent thinkers and apply their knowledge to real life situations. Students first learn geometry vocabulary, terms, and reasoning. Next they explore parallel & perpendicular lines and properties of triangles. Students learn ways to prove triangles are congruent, rules of right triangles, and triangle similarity. Next they move on to discover attributes of polygons. Students also receive an introduction to trigonometry and examine perimeter, circumference, and area. Lastly, students learn and have fun with probability.